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Unlike the long religious arguments that characterized most of his later writings, this study was written with his feet planted squarely on the earth. On the surface, the Key was a grammar of sorts, explaining familiar phrases spoken by Narragansett Indians.
But more than that, it offered a fascinating window into the daily encounters between the very different peoples now living next to each other by Narragansett Bay.
The underlying assumption of The Key— that natives mattered — sounded an unusual note in early American history, and set a precedent for the celebration of diversity that we now take for granted. As Williams discovered, the best way to get at the basic truths of America was to talk with the original Americans themselves.
Williams was proud of his talent for languages, and he worked hard to master the Native dialects after his arrival in Plymouth. One of the many reasons he was banished from Massachusetts Bay in was his advocacy for the Natives.
He believed that their land should not be taken from them, and they ought to be treated with respect and due process. An early manuscript he wrote on Anglo-Indian relations no longer exists, but contributed to his banishment.
He spent more time with them, perhaps, than any other Englishman of the first generation. Like most anthropologists, he reveled in the difficulty of his task: Throughout his long life he was an honest broker with them — a claim that is difficult to make about most of the original settlers.
A Key into the Language of America was published only seven years after his ordeal of banishment, and in some ways seems to have proceeded from it. If nothing else, it made tangible how much he had learned in a short time.
Over 32 chapters and pages, Williams poured out everything he knew about the Narragansetts. The chapters follow a certain organic logic — the book begins with salutations, then moves to eating, entertainment and sleep, then covers a wide range of daily topics before ending with sickness, death and burial.
It is as much a study of culture as of language, and he interpolates his observations in between lists of vocabulary words and furtive little poems. But it is clear that a great deal of effort went into the Key, and many years of hard experience.
Williams began with an inquiry into the origins of the natives, a matter of debate in Europe, where some savants thought that they might be related to ancient races like the Greeks or the Jews.
As he meditated on where they had come from, he lapsed into the naturalistic language that pervades his entire narrative.
They say themselves, that they have sprung and growne up in that very place, like the very trees of the wildernesse.
He observes further that they avoid the extremes of gluttony and drunkenness to which the English often fall victim. They love celebrations, and family gathering, and games including a form of football. In a word, they are human.A discourse on the languages of Native Americans encountered by the early settlers written by Roger Williams, who was forced to leave Massachusetts and established Rhode Island.
This early linguistic treatise gives rare insight into the early contact between Europeans and Native Americans/5(4).
Three hundred and fifty years ago, Roger Williams launched one of the world’s first great experiments in religious toleration. Insisting that religion be separated from civil power, he founded Rhode Island, a colony that welcomed people of many faiths.
A time line of key people, events and movements in world missions or Christian mission history. A Key Into the Language of America [Roger Williams] on plombier-nemours.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Written in at a time of great turmoil between Native Americans and the English settlers, A Key into the Language of America is a study of American Indian lifeReviews: 8. Philosophy of language in the analytical tradition explored logic and accounts of the mind at the end of the nineteenth century, with English-speaking writers Frege and Russell being pivotal, followed by Wittgenstein (Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus), the Vienna Circle and the logical positivists, and Quine, while on the continent a foundation work was Ferdinand de Saussure's Cours de.
Roger Williams (c. 21 December – between 27 January and 15 March ) was a Puritan minister, theologian, and author who founded the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence plombier-nemours.com was a staunch advocate for religious freedom, separation of church and state, and fair dealings with American Indians, and he was one of the first abolitionists.