Thinking About Getting Rehab? Among veterans, there is a compelling link. Nearly 1 in 5 military service members returning from Iraq or Afghanistan reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD.
For instance, ten percent or more of HIV cases annually can be attributed to injection drugs. Indirect risks are changes in behavior that increase the chance that someone would be exposed to the virus.
The abuse of alcohol and other non-injection drugs is associated with an increased risk of HIV infection 9.
Many drugs, including alcohol, reduce inhibitions and impair judgment. As a result, alcohol may make risky behavior more likely, such as unprotected sex and sex with multiple partners.
This is true for nearly all substance abuse. Anything that impairs judgment also increases risk. Direct risks of HIV exposure occur in the form of contaminated needles and drug injection supplies.
When needles are shared among users, traces of blood may be transferred between individuals as well.
Even when a clean needle is used, such as the ones obtained through needle-exchange programs, any other materials used for the injection may also contain blood or body fluids.
For example, solutions used to dissolve drugs or cotton balls that have come in contact with the needles can easily become contaminated between users. Even in the case of injection drugs, sexual practices while under the influence are a common route of HIV infection Chronic alcohol abuse weakens the immune system.
Further weakening the immune system increases the risk of additional infections while also raising the chance that HIV replication may increase. Even with proper medication, such as antiretroviral therapy ARTmaintaining the best immune function possible is important to preventing disease progression.
HIV patients who are heavy drinkers have diminished effectiveness of antiretroviral therapies. Specifically, heavy drinkers are two to four times less likely to achieve a positive response while undergoing antiretroviral therapies Alcohol can also be detrimental to HIV patients due to its ability to decrease awareness and inhibit judgment.
Alcohol Damages the Liver Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to liver damage, cirrhosis, and eventually culminate in end stage liver failure. Because of the liver damage associated with ethanol consumption, alcohol is particularly problematic for other conditions that also affect the liver.
HIV infection can exacerbate the liver damage caused by these other diseases. Many drugs used to treat HIV, such as antiretroviral drugs, carry a risk of liver toxicity.
Because treatment of HIV takes priority over many other medical issues, patients will often receive treatment even in the presence of prior liver damage.
Because it is so important to continue to treat HIV infection, it is also important to minimize any additional risks of liver damage.
Any chemical that changes the way the mind or body functions is defined as a drug. Substance abuse includes the use of illicit drugs, such as the misuse of prescription drugs or the use of recreational or illegal drugs.
Drugs that have not been approved by a physician for medical use are characterized as recreational or illegal drugs. This text focuses on the drugs that are used by people with HIV and AIDS and how those drugs can negatively impact their health and prognosis.
Different drugs have different effects depending on the individual, with many well document negative health consequences for the general population. These effects range from increased risk of contracting HIV, as described above, to decreased effectiveness of medications and treatment.
Other diseases of the respiratory tract include a candidal, or yeast infection of the mouth referred to as thrush or leukoplakia 14which is characterized by white sores in the mouth.
Smoking can potentially produce an oral environment even more conducive to the development of these lesions.W ork is still being done to determine the direct causes of substance abuse and mental health issues. While there is still much to be discovered, it is known that a number of factors play into the development of these disorders, and many of these factors are similar across both mental .
Bipolar disorder is a complicated disorder to treat even before introducing illicit drug use into the mix. Most people have different cycles, some with more prominent manic phases and others with longer depressive phases. Illicit drug use includes the non-medical use of a variety of drugs that are prohibited by international law, namely: amphetamine-type stimulants, 1 cannabis, 2 cocaine, 3 heroin 4 and other opioids, 5 and MDMA (ecstasy).
6 The use of these legally proscribed. Like most other mental-health problems, drug use disorders have no single cause. However, there are a number of biological, psychological, and social factors, known as risk factors, that can increase an individual's vulnerability to developing a chemical use disorder.
People with addiction often have one or more associated health issues, which could include lung or heart disease, stroke, cancer, or mental health conditions. Imaging scans, chest X-rays, and blood tests can show the damaging effects of long term drug use throughout the body.
As mentioned above, illicit drug use affects HIV risk, HIV/AIDS complications, HIV/AIDS treatment efficacy, and long-term HIV/AIDS prognosis. Illicit drug users have increased risk of contracting HIV through the use of used needles, shared injection supplies, contaminated injection drugs, and reduced judgment leading to a heightened chance of high risk behavior.