An analysis and a history of hammurabis code and hammurabi the first king to record the laws of his

Because he changed babylon from a small city-state into a very powerful state Share to:

An analysis and a history of hammurabis code and hammurabi the first king to record the laws of his

Many relics of Hammurabi's reign [ BC] have been preserved, and today we can study this remarkable King. The code was carved upon a black stone monument, eight feet high, and clearly intended to be reared in public view.

This noted stone was found in the yearnot in Babylon, but in a city of the Persian mountains, to which some later conqueror must have carried it in triumph.

It begins and ends with addresses to the gods. Even a law code was in those days regarded as a subject for prayer, though the prayers here are chiefly cursings of whoever shall neglect or destroy the law.

The code then regulates in clear and definite strokes the organization of society. The judge who blunders in a law case is to be expelled from his judgeship forever, and heavily fined. The witness who testifies falsely is to be slain.

Indeed, all the heavier crimes are made punishable with death. Even if a man builds a house badly, and it falls and kills the owner, the builder is to be slain.

If the owner's son was killed, then the builder's son is slain. We can see where the Hebrews learned their law of "an eye for an eye. An accused person was allowed to cast himself into "the river," the Euphrates. Apparently the art of swimming was unknown; for if the current bore him to the shore alive he was declared innocent, if he drowned he was guilty.

So we learn that faith in the justice of the ruling gods was already firmly, though somewhat childishly, established in the minds of men. Yet even with this earliest set of laws, as with most things Babylonian, we find ourselves dealing with the end of things rather than the beginnings.

Hammurabi's code was not really the earliest.

An analysis and a history of hammurabis code and hammurabi the first king to record the laws of his

The preceding sets of laws have disappeared, but we have found several traces of them, and Hammurabi's own code clearly implies their existence. He is but reorganizing a legal system long established. Claude Hermann Walter Johns, M. Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica, The material for the study of Babylonian law is singularly extensive without being exhaustive.

The so-called "contracts," including a great variety of deeds, conveyances, bonds, receipts, accounts and, most important of all, the actual legal decisions given by the judges in the law courts, exist in thousands.

Historical inscriptions, royal charters and rescripts, despatches, private letters and the general literature afford welcome supplementary information.Hammurabi (also known as Khammurabi and Ammurapi, reigned BCE) was the sixth king of the Amorite First Dynasty of Babylon, assumed the throne from his father, Sin-Muballit, and expanded the kingdom to conquer all of ancient Mesopotamia.

LAWS of justice which Hammurabi, the wise king, established. A righteous law, and pious statute did he teach the land.

Hammurabi, the protecting king am I. LAWS of justice which Hammurabi, the wise king, established. A righteous law, and pious statute did he teach the land.

Hammurabi, the protecting king am I. The Code of Hammurabi (also known as the Codex Hammurabi and Hammurabi's Code), created ca. B.C.E., is one of the earliest sets of laws found and one of the best preserved examples of this type of document from ancient Mesopotamia.

Hammurabi was the first King ever to record all the Laws of his Empire. He had a black stone carved with the laws of Babylonia. On top of the stone sits a statue of a God handing the laws to Hammurabi. "The Code of Hammurabi, or the world's first written law code, the top image shows Hammurabi receiving the law code from the god Shamash, giving his laws legitimacy." "Code of Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi is a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient .

Law Code of Hammurabi