ArticlesSingapore October 30, Biodiversity in urban Singapore Some years back, in my teaching days, I encountered a curious incident which left a deep impression in me. During lesson time, a large group of students had gathered around the common corridor. Curious, I walked up to them and discovered the source of their fascination- a green praying mantis on the ground. It suddenly dawned on me that the students were so excited because most of them had never seen a real, living praying mantis in their lives before!
This chapter aims to provide an insight on the state of biodiversity in Singapore. Singapore is an interesting case study of biodiversity. Singapore over the last 30 years has experienced a major transformation from a third world country to a highly developed nation.
This development has been at the expense Biodiversity in singapore severe damage to the original biodiversity. Much of the species found in Singapore a century ago are no longer found on the island. Another particularity of Singapore is that it is an Island nation of relatively small size.
Most of the islands land has now been sacrified for development purposes should it be industrial or residential.
However, in its late history, Singapore is trying to preserve what is left of its original biodiversity by implementing a number of measures. Only a few parks hold original ecosystems.
However the city is also making efforts to incorporate the natural environment into the city scape itself. Such concepts could well be inspirational for cities of the future around the world.
In recent years to preserve its heritage, Singapore has retained several restricted nature reserve sites where land development is inhibited and the inherent ecosystems are protected The reserves are utilized for research in preserving and revitalizing biodiversity in Singapore and educating the public.
Pulau Ubin contains an abundance of natural flora and fauna Chek Jawa is a 5, year old coral reef on Pulau Ubin.
Scientists speculate that preservation of nature in Pulau Ubin has allowed for this creature to spread again Recovering species is a positive sign that over long periods of preservations, wild life and eco-systems can be repopulated to some extent Case Study: Erosion is being caused by the movement of ships and strong sea waves Inthe National Parks Board is undertaking a project to restore and stabilize the coast line.
Examples include the popular Singapore Botanic Gardens, busy East Coast Park and tranquil Mount Fabor There are more opportunities for Singapore to incorporate natural features within its urban environment. However, the creation of new reservoirs such as the Marina Bay reservoir are also controversial when it comes to biodiversity disturbance The marina bay reservoir despite having some advantages for flood control and water management will have significant negative impacts on biodiversity.
As the water within the bay will slowly change from salty to fresh water, many species which inhabited the bay wont be able to adapt to the salinity sudden change Most of the species found in Singapore are not endemic to the Island but have been introduced from neighboring countries Due to its proximity to Malaysia, most species found in Singapore are also found in Malaysia.
There is therefore only few real endemic species in Singapore itself Invasive species is a big problem in Singapore As a major transport transit platform for South East Asia, numerous indigenous species are regularly introduced to Singapore. The pet and trade industry is also a big contributor as these species are regularly released into the environment reservoirs, parks… Singapore has a few good examples to illustrate that industrial development can be made by not entirely compromising the surrounding ecosystems In Singapore most of the waste is incinerated and the remains from this process are disposed on an artificial landfill.
On the other side of this landfill however lies a nature reserve with extensive sea grass, coral reefs and mangroves. This is a very good and unique example of how a bio-diverse environment can co-exist to some extent with industrial installations As highlighted in this chapter, Singapore is a very good case study to illustrate the dilemma faced by urban areas and biodiversity conservation.
Singapore has already sacrified most of its biodiversity for development purposes. Only a few isolated parks and natural spaces are left in the island city.
Singapore has an ambitious plan to become the worlds first true city in a garden. Numerous initiatives such as improving existing parks, interconnecting these parks through green pathways and the development of roof-top gardens and vertical walls are under development.
Since most of the world population will be living in cities in a few decades, Singapore is a good case study of how cities around the world should develop by incorporating natural features into their design.
Site brought to you by Supported by Links.Singapore is home to a large variety of animal and plant species, which can be found in their natural habitats. Be it dry land tropical rainforests, mangroves or coral ecosystems, there is a rich biodiversity to be found in our City in a Garden.
Inaugurated in by Singapore’s President Tony Tan Keng Yam, the Festival of Biodiversity is an annual signature CIN event organised by NParks in collaboration with the Biodiversity Roundtable (a group comprising local non-governmental organisations involved in local biodiversity issues) for the conservation of Singapore’s natural heritage.
Singapore is home to a large variety of animal and plant species, which can be found in their natural habitats. Be it dry land tropical rainforests, mangroves or coral ecosystems, there is a rich biodiversity to be found in our City in a Garden.
There are many cities that are more cosmopolitan than Singapore – London for instance apparently has over languages spoken on a daily basis. In terms of people working closely together however it is not, in my opinion, as multi cultured as Singapore. The National University of Singapore (NUS) is an innovative global university with modern facilities and top-ranked academic programs.
A leading center for the study of Southeast Asia, NUS is also distinguished in engineering, business, and the biological sciences.
Biodiversity in urban Singapore Some years back, in my teaching days, I encountered a curious incident which left a deep impression in me. During lesson time, a large group of students had gathered around the common corridor.