Most sects believe that art can bring about moments of enlightenment. The term nirvana is associated with both Hinduism, the oldest religion in the world, and Buddhism, its best known off-shoot.
Eventually he relented, however, and allowed an order of nuns. However, the nuns were to remain subordinate to the monks in all ways" Nuns in Tibetan lineages of Buddhism can never be more than 'novices' because there is no ordination process for them; and female Therevada Buddhists cannot become ordained either because the lineage required died out and has not been revived due to opposition from male-dominated Buddhist authorities Lama Choedak Rinpoche explains a little of the current situation in an article celebrating his organising of an ordination event for female Buddhists in Australia: Even though ordination of women in Buddhism occurred during the life of the Buddha, his initial reluctance to ordain women seems to have been misinterpreted by many people.
This misinterpretation has left a legacy of doubt and indecision among the orthodox Buddhist leaders. Some Buddhist countries did not even introduce the Bhikhuni ordination while others who did could not sustain the lineage for long.
The Bhikhuni ordination was never introduced to Tibet even though there are hundreds of nunneries there. Theravadin tradition lost the lineage that they once had and initiatives to revive the tradition in Thailand have faced stiff opposition from the mainstream Buddhist leadership. Tibetan Buddhists proudly claim that theirs is the complete form of Buddhism, but it would be hard to maintain this if Bhikhuni ordination is not established.
It is said that in order to say that there Buddhism is a life long search to attain nirvana Dharma in a land there should be Sangha consisting of four members, including fully ordained Bhikhunis. Whatever are the reasons, there are miserably few female teachers in Tibetan Buddhism and a few seem to be in that position because of the merit of there being sisters or daughters of well known male teachers.
Nunneries do not have qualified female teachers and even countries, which have a Bhikhuni ordination system, are reluctant to have female Buddhist teachers. She says that "a reconstructed authentic core of Buddhism reflects and supports feminist values, in so far as it is 'without gender bias, Given the actual historical relationship, how can she hold to this view?
Well, she adds two caveats.
Firstly, presumably when she says "core teachings" she defines it in a way that removes social teachings, and secondly the caveat in the middle of her statement replaced by an ellipsis, above adds: Unfortunately, even if Buddhist philosophy was gender-neutral, it is only the practical side that has any meaning!
There is no difference between being denied equality and standing by someone who backs it up with a proper understanding of their own religion, and, being subjugated by someone who backs it up with an improper understanding of their own religion. Either way, the religion's teachings ought to state gender equality, especially as no text has been written in times when misogyny and patriarchy have not been infamous.
Nonetheless Rita Gross's position is further undermined "when she starts generalizing that all religions were originally non-patriarchal until they were subverted by men" Hawthornand other historians have criticized her approach as "unhistorical".
Sex Scandals and Cover-ups: Note the similar trends in these examples: He has been embroiled in a sex scandal after it emerged that he had had affairs with several women from Canberra's Tibetan Buddhist Community in His initial responses and the reactions of Buddhist officialdom were revealing.
When complaints about his behaviour first emerged within the group, he and senior Buddhists 'said talking to the media or telling new group members what had happened could be spiritually damaging and prevent other Canberrans from ''achieving enlightenment through buddhism''' - in other words, they told the complainers not to speak about the incidents But he only founded this order after being dismissed in from the English Sangha Trust due to concerns over his personal behaviour, including his receiving accusations of sexual misconduct.
But that wasn't all. The " FWBO Files" almost prides itself on the wealth of problems surrounding Sangharakshita's sexual life even before According to this report, considerable concern had built up over rumours about Sangharakshita's sexual behavior with young male students of Buddhism.
In particular, there was an Indian family that wished to prosecute Sangharakshita for having seduced their son. A very senior Indian politician, who was sympathetic to Buddhism and also something of an anglophile, intervened personally in order to protect the good name of Buddhism from the risk of being damaged by the publicity surrounding such a case.
He persuaded the family to drop the case, on condition Sangharakshita left India. Christmas Humphreys, a prominent English Buddhist of the time, was closely involved in arranging this move, but he omitted to tell the Hampstead Buddhist Vihara of the full reasons behind the move, and he also took great care to keep the politician's name out of things, lest this politician be accused of colluding in a cover-up.
Both of these instances reveal multiple people at high-levels "looking out" for Buddhism by suppressing the revealing of cases of sexual misbehaviour among the founder - not even mere laypeople - of major Buddhist movements.
As these are the people who are scrutinized most widely, it stands without doubt that these represent only a small portion of the complete picture, and that many more cover-ups have remained in shadow.
In "The Peacock vs. Paying the Price for the Sins of a Previous Life buddhism christianity There is a lot of suffering in the world. This fact leads Buddhists to look to Buddha for an answer, and leads Christians to look to Christ for an answer. Both claim that ultimately a blissful state can be attained with no suffering: The psychological attraction of such beliefs is one of the greatest factors behind the success of religions that explain away suffering.
But, Christianity and Buddhism have both dehumanized suffering in history and have both led people to accept suffering when they should not.
In Christianity, especially historically and within conservative Christianitysuffering is a test from God, a result of the sins of us and our ancestors. In Buddhism, suffering is the status-quo of life and in popular Buddhism a person suffers now for their transgressions in previous lives.The mystical philosophies and religious aspects of Buddhism, as well as its misguided psychology, detract from an otherwise positive social religion.
Nirvana (Sanskrit: nirvāṇa; Pali: nibbana, nibbāna) is the earliest and most common term used to describe the goal of the Buddhist path.
The literal meaning is "blowing out" or "quenching." It is the ultimate spiritual goal in Buddhism and marks the soteriological release from rebirths in saṃsāra.
Nirvana is part of the Third Truth on "cessation of dukkha" in the Four Noble Truths, and. Section 4. Buddhism: According to Buddha's theory life is a long suffering. The suffering is caused because of the passions people desire to accomplish.
The more one desires and the less he accomplishes the more he suffers. To achieve this goal is to attain nirvana, an enlightened state in which the fires of greed, hatred, and.
Nirvana is mainly associated with Buddhism, which was born out of Hinduism in Asia back in the 5th century B.C. It began as a movement within Hinduism, based on the philosophy and life of a man named Siddhartha Gautama, and eventually diverged to form its own path. In Buddhism you need to follow the Noble Eight Fold path to attain nirvana.
It is further divided into three parts for simplicity - Sila (morality), Samadhi (mental culture) and Panna . Buddhism for beginners: A beginner's guide to Buddhism for the non-religious and the skeptical. Agnostic and secular Buddhism based on Theravada teachings.