In fact, the Korean could have jumped straight to this post, but he opted to take a slower, more prodding route for exactly one reason -- to give context. And the reason for giving more context is because people who are unfamiliar with Korea overuse Confucianism to explain everything about Korean culture. Sometimes it works, sometimes it is misleading, and sometimes it is laughably ignorant.
Introduction - sociological basis behind the collective thinking and the reception of ideologies. The dynamic nature of the modern Confucian society of South Korea Society of modern Republic of Korea and its Confucian Joseon roots - traits inherited and transformed in modernity The official basis for the public images of South Korean Confucianism: Factors of age, experience, heredity and authority in South Korean private and corporate environments Conclusions and the possible predictions for further research of the subject Despite having the officially adopted the modern doctrine of democratic capitalism, such countries as Republic of Korea or Japan accommodate traditional social systems in which group harmony and interpersonal cooperation are universally accepted values.
However, the reason for this does not lie in the western thought of democratic politics, but instead, in the ethical and philosophical system of Confucianism.
Regardless of the officially proclaimed national course — democratic capitalism or state-governed communism — the influence of Confucianism has been steadily rising since its dawn over years ago.
In spite of the popular claim that Confucianism judges the people on the basis of their identity rather than their actions, I believe that there is still much room for personal freedom in Confucian state, as the actions of the individual are his or her primary means of development Rozman Thus, it is easy to prove that the modern sociopolitical ideologies such as democracy and the ancient ethical systems are not mutually exclusive — which certainly proves true in the case of East Asia, where the ideology advocating group harmony and prosperity — Confucianism — is a leading philosophical system governing social interactions, including the spheres of traditional religion, politics and economy.
Joseon-period Korea was no different in this regard, and the question remains whether the result of application of Neoconfucianism in the field of politics of Joseon was positive. However, as Gilbert writes Rozman For instance, the Confucianism in korea linguistic rules of reference and deference, which are present in Korean language in the use of distinct speech styles, are derived from the basic Confucian idea of proper relationships — between ruler and minister, father and son and husband and wife.
In the past, the central government made deep efforts to promote this ideology among the rural population. Examples include creation of community compacts in villages for the purpose of Confucian education and development of social networks Deuchler The same notions were shown during the authoritarian, nationalist rule of general Park Chung-Hee, when the second face-off with North Korea seemed imminent and Confucianism — in essence a philosophy of strictly Chinese origin — was viewed as inferior to indigenous Korean shamanism.
After the Meiji Restoration inConfucianism — especially the metaphysically-inclined school of the Principle chin.
Shinto religion was embraced as the national ideology, and strongly connected with the 3 Imperial rule. Qi was much more dynamic than the forms of this philosophy that were popular in China and Korea.
Chinese, Korean and Japanese, caught between traditionalist sentiments and the desire for industrialization and social modernization, gradually abandoned ritual application of their ancient metaphysical systems, while at the same time treasuring their ethnolinguistic heritage in their daily life mentality and interpersonal communication.
March 1st Movement in Korea and state-inspired nationalism of Japan are directly connected to these transformation processes. In Korea, the fall of the Japanese regime at the end of the Second World War caused the inner tensions to explode in Korea, with society and subsequently the entire Peninsula to be divided, with foreign hegemonic powers having an important role in this process.
Still, the South Korea, with its fascinating transfer from military dictatorship to an effective democracy has not stopped developing — in fact, the contemporary society of this country makes it a primary target in East Asia for gauging role of Confucianism and its compatibility with widely-perceived modernity.
The dynamic nature of the modern Confucian society of South Korea 2. Since the Joseon period, maintaining the sense of proper social conduct — which is thought to lead to the general social harmony — has been highly promoted by central governing institutions, as mentioned above regarding construction of community compacts.
In modern times, this type of structural discipline has been enforced by both North and South Korean educational facilities, which doubled as places where, in essence, citizens devoted to the cause of the state were made to be created.
In the words of Gilbert Rozman, both the modern education systems of South and North Korea as well as the state education of the Joseon period are viewed as the supreme universalistic achievement Rozman While it may seem that Confucian culture lost its influence on popular culture in Korea due to Korean War and subsequent authoritarian militaristic period, this is not the case.
The origin of the strong spirit and high level of competitiveness of South Korean students is also embodied in the tradition of national exams, the results of which are published publicly, encouraging competition for the purpose of academic recognition, and with it, hopefully, an official post or employment at one of the Chaebol conglomerates.
This type of motivation was actually advised by Confucius himself: However, regardless of this moralistic commandment, generally speaking, ancient and contemporary Koreans desired primarily not personal fulfillment from learning, but social recognition, and — especially in modern South Korea — economic advantages.
Reliance on the interpersonal bonds is very common in these situations; aside of the aforementioned extensive financial and emotional support by the closest family, forming of groups of mutual academic help by close friends is popular, which may serve as yet another example of presence of Confucian values regarding social contact in daily life.
However, the potential problem with the Confucian system of social relations may lie in such problems in politics and economy, as nepotism.
However, while it was mentioned that South Korean education facilities promote emotional and ethical development of students as part of the usual curriculum, Geir Helgesen Helgesen notes, that in the process of individual growth, schoolmates and family have a much higher, more personalized and less structural influence.The Impact of Confucianism in South Korea and Japan 9.
description of the world, as responses to Buddhist concepts. Like the scholars of Mencius, Neo-Confucians also affirmed that human nature was at birth good and added that human nature was a rational principle regarding the rational structure of a world that characterized. Korean Confucianism followed a path of maturation, flourishing, conflict, declines and rebirths within the almost two thousands years of its existence.
The understanding of the historical context is therefore important to appreciate great Korean authors and contributions. Neo-Confucianism was introduced to Korea by An Hyang during Goryeo dynasty. [ citation needed ] At the time that An Hyang introduced neo-Confucianism, the Goryeo dynasty was in the last century of its existence and influenced by the Mongol Yuan dynasty.
Confucianism is a major factor in creating the collectivist mindset that pervades the East Asian region. Particularly in Korea, all social interaction is dictated by the Confucian value of hierarchy. In America, we tend to value individualism and self-reliance. Speaking up and speaking out is valued.
Korean Confucianism is the form of Confucianism that emerged and developed in Korea. One of the most substantial influences in Korean intellectual history was the introduction of Confucian thought as part of the cultural influence from China.
The Impact of Confucianism in South Korea and Japan 9. description of the world, as responses to Buddhist concepts. Like the scholars of Mencius.