Alan Woods explains the internal dynamics of the revolution and above all the role played by the masses. The events here described are just as relevant and inspirational now as they were then. The French revolution is an endless source of lessons for modern socialists and working class activists.
Why Did Democracy Fail? After its defeat in World War I, Germany adopted a democratic form of government with a constitution and free elections. But barely 14 years later, the elected German parliament voted to hand over its powers to Adolph Hitler.
Inthe modern state of Germany was formed. During the 19th century, many people had yearned to unite Germany, but one man was responsible, Chancellor Otto von Bismarck of Prussia.
Working for the Prussian monarch, Bismarck had provoked two short wars—one with Austria and the other with France—to achieve his goal of uniting Germany. The new reich had a constitution and parliament Reichstag. But the power rested with the chancellor chosen by the emperor, the kaiser. When war erupted between Austria and Serbia, Russia and France threatened to intervene.
World War I had broken out. Kaiser Wilhelm largely ignored the Reichstag and directed the war along with his top generals headed by Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg.
Germany had to fight on two main fronts—the eastern and western.
In the east, the war went well. A new communist government in Russia sued for peace in In the west, the Germans advanced quickly, but were stopped about 60 miles from Paris.
The western front turned into a stalemate, with neither side able to advance. Inhowever, the United States entered the war against Germany.
Throughout the war, the kaiser and his generals had assured the German people of victory. In the fall ofhowever, with defeat certain, the German generals suddenly called for an armistice, a ceasefire until the signing of a peace treaty. Most Germans were shocked. As a condition of the armistice, U.
President Woodrow Wilson demanded that Kaiser Wilhelm give up his monarchy. The kaiser agreed and left Germany for exile in Holland. The German Reichstag assumed the responsibility of signing a peace treaty.Alan Woods explains the internal dynamics of the French revolution and above all the role played by the masses.
CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS FOUNDATION Bill of Rights in Action Summer () Economics and Democracy BRIA Home |. French Revolution, political upheaval of world importance in France that began in *Origins of the Revolution*Historians disagree in evaluating the factors that brought about the Revolution.
The French Revolution.
Beginning in , France produced the most significant of the. eighteenth-century revolutions. In some ways it was remarkably similar to the. Alan Woods explains the internal dynamics of the French revolution and above all the role played by the masses.
On 14 Frimaire (5 December ) was passed the Law of Frimaire, which gave the central government more control over the actions of the representatives on mission.. On 16 Pluviôse (4 February ), the National Convention decreed that slavery be abolished in all of France and French colonies.