In broad terms, the period was marked by sudden and unexpected breaks with traditional ways of viewing and interacting with the world. Experimentation and individualism became virtues, where in the past they were often heartily discouraged. Modernism was set in motion, in one sense, through a series of cultural shocks. The first of these great shocks was the Great War, which ravaged Europe from throughknown now as World War One.
It is this more specific use of modern that is intended when people speak of modern art. Or does she mean that modernism failed to accomplish something?
The presupposition of the latter is that modernism had goals, which it failed to achieve.
If so, what were these goals? For reasons that will become clear later in this essay, discussions of modernism in art have been couched largely in formal and stylistic terms. Art historians tend to speak of modern painting, for example, as concerned primarily with qualities of colour, shape, and line applied systematically or expressively, and marked over time by an increasing concern with flatness and a declining interest in subject matter.
The standard answer is: Because he was interested in exploring new subject matter, new painterly values, and new spatial relationships. But there is another more interesting question beyond this: Why was Manet exploring new subject matter, new painterly values and spatial relationships?
He produced a modernist painting, yes, but why did he produce such a work? Two years later the public were even more shocked by his painting of Olympia which showed a nude woman, obviously a demi-mondaine, gazing out morally unperturbed at the viewer, and painted in a quick, broad manner contrary to the accepted academic style.
Why was Manet painting pictures that he knew would upset people? It is in trying to answer questions like these that forces us to adopt a much broader perspective on the question of modernism.
It is within this larger context that we can discover the underpinnings of the philosophy of modernism and identify its aims and goals. It will also reveal another dimension to the perception of art and the identity of the artist in the modern world.
The roots of modernism lie much deeper in history than the middle of the 19th century. For historians the modern period actually begins in the sixteenth century, initiating what is called the Early Modern Period, which extends up to the 18th century.
The intellectual underpinnings of modernism emerge during the Renaissance period when, through the study of the art, poetry, philosophy, and science of ancient Greece and Rome, humanists revived the notion that man, rather than God, is the measure of all things, and promoted through education ideas of citizenship and civic consciousness.
In retrospect we can recognize in Renaissance humanism an expression of that modernist confidence in the potential of humans to shape their own individual destinies and the future of the world.
Also present is the belief that humans can learn to understand nature and natural forces, and even grasp the nature of the universe. The modernist thinking which emerged in the Renaissance began to take shape as a larger pattern of thought in the 18th century.
The crux was the issue of whether Moderns i. Introduced first in France in by Charles Perrault, who supported the Moderns, the discussion was taken up in England where it was satirized as The Battle of the Books by Jonathan Swift.
The conflict introduces an important dichotomy that was to remain fundamental to the modernist question:plombier-nemours.com: The First Moderns: Profiles in the Origins of Twentieth-Century Thought (): William R. Everdell: Books. Modernism refers to a reforming movement in art, architecture, music, literature and the applied arts during the late 19th Century and early 20th Century.
There is no specifically Modernist movement in Philosophy, but rather Modernism refers to a movement within the arts which had some influence over later philosophical thought.
Modernism describes the ideology of the art and design that were produced during the modernist period. There has been a lot of controversy about when modernism started, yet many believe it initiated sometime in the late 19th century and continued to the early 20th century.
William Deresiewicz: "The End of Solitude" William Deresiewicz is a contemporary writer, reviewer, and literary critic. He taught at Yale University from to - Modernism in T.S. Eliot's "The Wasteland" Modernism has been defined as a rejection of traditional 19th-century norms, whereby artists, architects, poets and thinkers either altered or abandoned earlier conventions in an attempt to re-envision a society in flux.
Prostitution in the 19th and 20th Centuries Essay - During the late 19th- and early 20th century, the nature of society forced the working class women of America to take advantage of any means to support themselves, including prostitution.