Here are my notes on his initial effort, augmented with quotes from his book on the subject. Since independence, Kerala has achieved rapid social improvements in areas such as infant mortality and literacy without significant industrialization or economic growth. Using the How Change Happens framework of Context, Institutions, Agents and Events, Jeffrey argued that Kerala offers some general lessons on development, but is too path dependent to provide a very specific model alas, this usually proves to be the case when any particular historical change is put under the microscope. He points to the following:
The state has a sex ratio of 1, sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1, males as against the national average of The state-specific poverty line for in Kerala was fixed at monthly per capita income of Rs The state has maternal mortality rate MMR of 81 per lakh live birth as against the national average of and infant mortality rate IMR of 13 as against the all-India level of Now, the other side of the story.
Kerala is followed by Maharashtra and Punjab. And Kerala was Poverty in kerala only state in the country with a high rate of IPC crime at This should add grist to the mill.
Dileep MP Reply July 5, at 3: If you doubt it please come and see for yourself. Also please note that the rate of murder and theft is far lesser than the national average.
The high crime rate is basically because of the efficient police and the socially aware public.
Please do not distort this into an argument against the Kerala model. IndiaSpend perhaps in a somewhat extreme way too sticks to data and does not comment or draw any conclusions.
Thus there is no argument for or against the Kerala model. But then, like in all such cases, we enter into the realm of relative subjectivity.
However, you might be justified in faulting the data itself if you suspect the quality of collection or extraction. But there too, you should have some specific reason to back that up, preferably a counter-study or data collection exercise.
Editor Reply July 7, at 2: They do not fear as in other parts of India. In other Indian states people are afraid to file FIR or the idiotic police structure prevent them to file the cases. Kerala may not be perfect but it certainly stands out of the pity league of indian states. But this is my 10 pisa worth of take: Within a generation or so, once almost everyone is educated, the masses will fix the issues of employment.
This is what Kerala has done. It tried to fix education first, but then there was Jobs available for the educated, so they had to migrate to Gulf or other foreign countries. Hence its creating more jobs in Kerala. Bhagavathy — Development comes first. Once you have the money, you probably will get your kids educated.
I think this is the Gujarat is doing. May be there is a middle path, an Indian Model somewhere. For the sake of our country, I pray we find it fast… sree Reply August 3, at 3: Also Kochi was much behind other cities in number of cases for serious crimes like murder, rape, kidnapping etc.Kerala has low levels of poverty.
But pockets within the state display high poverty, and consumption inequality is the highest in the country. Read Kerala - Poverty, Growth and Inequality brief. Most people in Kerala work off the farm. Since , job creation has been weak and most new jobs are in. What’s Kerala’s Secret? December 8, Off By admin In a recent academic roundtable on From Poverty to Power in Canberra, Robin Jeffrey, professor at the Australian National University and dean of its College of Asia and the Pacific, had a stab at applying the ‘how change happens’ framework to the cause celebre of Kerala in South India.
This is a list of States and Union Territories of India ranked according to poverty as on 16 September The list is compiled from the Annual Report of Reserve Bank of India published in The rank is calculated according to the percentage of people below poverty-line and is based on MRP-consumption.
In a recent academic roundtable on From Poverty to Power in Canberra, Robin Jeffrey, professor at the Australian National University and dean of its College of Asia and the Pacific, had a stab at applying the ‘how change happens’ framework to the cause celebre of Kerala in South India.
Spatial poverty in Kerala While many of Kerala’s achievements are comparable with those of developed countries, a disturbing trend has been the growing unemployment rate. Kerala's rural poverty rate fell from 59% (–) to 12% (–); the overall (urban and rural) rate fell 47% between the s and s against the 29% fall in overall poverty rate in India.
By –, the rural and urban poverty rates dropped to % and % respectively.