The history of the country of south africa

Apartheid Becomes Law Bythe government had banned marriages between whites and people of other races, and prohibited sexual relations between black and white South Africans. The Population Registration Act of provided the basic framework for apartheid by classifying all South Africans by race, including Bantu black AfricansColoured mixed race and white.

The history of the country of south africa

Official names of South Africa The name "South Africa" is derived from the country's geographic location at the southern tip of Africa.

Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies.

Sincethe long form name in English has been the "Republic of South Africa". Sincethe Republic has had an official name in each of its 11 official languages. Mzansi, derived from the Xhosa noun umzantsi meaning "south", is a colloquial name for South Africa, [20] [21] while some Pan-Africanist political parties prefer the term " Azania ".

The Early Stone Age

History of South Africa Prehistoric archaeology These finds suggest that various hominid species existed in South Africa from about three million years ago, starting with Australopithecus africanus.

Modern humans have inhabited Southern Africa for at leastyears. Migrations that formed the modern Rainbow nation Various researchers have located pebble tools within the Vaal River valley. They displaced, conquered and absorbed the original Khoisan speakers, the Khoikhoi and San peoples.

The Bantu slowly moved south. The earliest ironworks in modern-day KwaZulu-Natal Province are believed to date from around The southernmost group was the Xhosa peoplewhose language incorporates certain linguistic traits from the earlier Khoisan people.

As they migrated, these larger Iron Age populations displaced or assimilated earlier peoples. In Mpumalanga Provinceseveral stone circles have been found along with the stone arrangement that has been named Adam's Calendar.

The two major historic groups were the Xhosa and Zulu peoples. Inthe Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias led the first European voyage to land in southern Africa.

Dias continued down the western coast of southern Africa. After 8 Januaryprevented by storms from proceeding along the coast, he sailed out of sight of land and passed the southernmost point of Africa without seeing it.

He reached as far up the eastern coast of Africa as, what he called, Rio do Infante, probably the present-day Groot Riverin Maybut on his return he saw the Cape, which he first named Cabo das Tormentas Cape of Storms. Dutch colonisation See also: History of Cape Colony and Dutch Cape Colony Charles Davidson Bell 's 19th-century painting of Jan van Riebeeckwho founded the first European settlement in South Africa, arrives in Table Bay in By the early 17th century, Portugal's maritime power was starting to decline, and English and Dutch merchants competed to oust Lisbon from its lucrative monopoly on the spice trade.

South Africa - Wikipedia

Helena as alternative ports of refuge. The sailors were able to survive by obtaining fresh water and meat from the natives.In short, many of the discriminatory features so typical of twentieth-century South Africa--pass laws, urban ghettos, impoverished rural homelands, African migrant labor--were first established in the course of South Africa's industrial revolution.

The history of the country of south africa

Translated from the Afrikaans meaning 'apartness', apartheid was the ideology supported by the National Party (NP) government and was introduced in South Africa in Apartheid called for the separate development of the different racial groups in South Africa.

Nov 18,  · South Africa, the southernmost country on the African continent, renowned for its varied topography, great natural beauty, and cultural diversity, all of which have made the country a favoured destination for travelers since the legal ending of apartheid . South Africa has been inhabited by people for thousands of years.

Early on in its history, the Bantu tribes migrated to the area.

Birth of Apartheid

Many of the people that live in South . Over much of this time frame, South Africa’s past is also that of a far wider area, and only in the last few centuries has this southernmost country of Africa had a history of its own.

This article focuses on the country of South Africa. The prehistory and history of South Africa span nearly the entire known existence of human beings and their ancestors—some three million years or more—and include the wandering of small bands of hominins through the savanna, the inception of herding and farming as ways of.

South Africa - History | plombier-nemours.com