Frederick Winslow Taylor was born inin Boston, of middle class parents. Instead, he made a practice of devising elaborate rules for the game so that, win or lose, his friends were playing on his terms. Instead he took a job as an apprentice machinist.
Disadvantages of Scientific Management from Industrial Psychologists point of view Originally, the principle of Scientific Management was applied in the engineering industries.
But now its scope is enlarged to cover all other aspects of the industrial management. It is due to the various advantages that may accrue to various parties due to the adoption of scientific methods. Scientific Management — Advantages and Disadvantages Advantages of Scientific management The following are the principal advantages of scientific management.
It provides trained minds for achieving higher degree of excellence in all branches of shop management. It completely revolutionizes and improves layout, routing, scheduling, purchasing, stores keeping and accounting.
It aims to standardize the materials, tools, equipment and methods of work. It offers facilities for specialization and division of labour. It replaces the old system of management rule of thumb method and introduces new and scientific methods.
Careful time and motion studies eradicate delays, avoid bodily strains of the workers, eliminate wastage and thereby contribute to the efficiency of the workers and ensures waste less utilization of the resources. It seeks to introduce a mental revolution in the ideas of both the employer and employee and assures co-operation of the labour force.
It seeks a reduction in the cost of production through increased output. This would help the organization to complete on a better footing and thereby enlarge the market. The workers are in a position to get higher wages. This removes most of the causes for industrial disputes and unrest. Further, enhanced earnings also lead to higher standard of living of the workers Thus, scientific management does justice to various sections of the society such as producers, workers and the consumers.
Disadvantages of Scientific Management In spite of the illuminating advantages referred above, the concept of Scientific Management has become a subject of burning criticism. Not only the workers, but also the employees and even industrial psychologists are questioning the validity of Scientific Management.
We shall now briefly examine the criticisms leveled by these three parties under distinct headings: Disadvantages of Scientific management from Employers point of view Most of the employers are highly reluctant to adopt the principles of Scientific Management. They object the introduction of the principles of Scientific Management on the following grounds.
High Costs It is a costly affair. A thorough overhauling of the existing plant and organizational structure is highly expensive. Time and motion studies as well as other improvements involve a heavy initial outlay of capital.
Unsuitable for Small Firms Since the introduction of Scientific Management involves huge expenditure, small firms cannot afford to adopt it.
Response from the workers The system can be successfully implemented only with the heart felt co-operation of the workers. If they fail to respond favorably, the system shall fail to bring the desired results. Disadvantages of Scientific Management from Employees point of view The principal objections raised by the organized trade unions and the labour class are as follows: Under Scientific Management, methods of work are all standardized and instructions are given to the workers by the foreman.
The workers are supposed to perform the work in the same style and carry out the instructions given by the foreman. Speeding up of Workers Scientific Management aims to speed up the workers, not consideration of their health and well being.
Mere speeding up of the workers without corresponding structural changes in the organization and working conditions shall not lead to higher output but create only harmful mental conditions in the workers.
Autocratic Control of Functional Bosses Another severe objection raised against the Scientific Management is that it is undemocratic in nature as it gives absolute control to the functional bosses and lessens the interest and responsibility of the workers. The workers ought to obey the orders and the instructions given by the superior or the foreman.
Creation of Unemployment The critics of scientific management also argue that scientific management creates unemployment and hits the workers hard as a consequence of the adoption of labour saving devices both in the machinery and in the arrangement of work.
Unfairness Another objection is that it tends to be unfair to the workers.1.
Management Theory Management Thought ERWIN ABAD DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH – FINANCE SERVICE RAMON A VICTOR, Ph.D. FEBRUARY 7, 1 2. Table of Contents I. Executive Summary II. 1 The Classical School Scientific Management Bureaucratic Management 10 Administrative Management 13 Limitations of the Classical School III.
is based on Taylor’s (scientific management & efficiency), Fayol’s (organizing) and Weber’s (bureaucracy) studies. Due to its mechanical understanding of organizations and ignorance of the human side, the theory has.
a dozen children through scientific management principles. Henry Lawrence Gantt – Gantt planning chart. Carl O. Barth – Convinced Harvard to use Taylorism model for modern management.
Max Weber – Greatly influence by Taylor, his work on implications of bureaucracy.
There is also little doubt that Weber's ideas concerning specific spheres of competence and employment based on technical competence would have considerable appeal for Taylor's scientific managers.
are typical of bureaucracy. is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her. Disadvantages of Scientific management from Employers point of view Most of the employers are highly reluctant to adopt the principles of Scientific Management.
They object the introduction of the principles of Scientific Management on the following grounds.