The Athenians were part of a Greek alliance that included Sparta and all the other city-states against Persia. The Athenian fleet was based around fast-moving ships called triremes, which they planned to use against the Persians. The Athenians led a fleet of allied Greek ships at the Battle of Salamis, where they scored a massive naval victory over the much larger Persian fleet.
Following the assassination of Hipparchus c, Hippias took on sole rule, and in response to the loss of his brother, became a worse leader and increasingly disliked. Hippias exiled of the Athenian noble families, amongst them Cleisthenes ' family, the Alchmaeonids.
Upon their exile, they went to Delphi, and Herodotus  says they bribed the Pithia to always tell visiting Spartans that they should invade Attica and overthrow Hippias.
This, supposedly, worked after a number of times, and Cleomenes led a Spartan force to overthrow Hippias, which succeeded, and instated an oligarchy. Cleisthenes disliked the Spartan rule, along with many other Athenians, and so made his own bid for power. The result of this was democracy in Athensbut considering Cleisthenes' motivation for using the people to gain power, as without their support, he would have been defeated, and so Athenian democracy may be tinted by the fact its creation served greatly the man who created it.
The reforms of Cleisthenes replaced the traditional four Ionic "tribes" phyle with ten new ones, named after legendary heroes of Greece and having no class basis, which acted as electorates.
Each tribe was in turn divided into three trittyes one from the coast; one from the city and one from the inland divisionswhile each trittys had one or more demes see deme — depending on their population — which became the basis of local government.
The tribes each selected fifty members by lot for the Boulethe council which governed Athens on a day-to-day basis. The public opinion of voters could be influenced by the political satires written by the comic poets and performed in the city theaters.
Most offices were filled by lot, although the ten strategoi generals were elected. Early Athenian coin, 5th century BC.
Prior to the rise of Athens, Spartaa city-state with a militaristic culture, considered itself the leader of the Greeks, and enforced a hegemony. The silver mines of Laurion contributed significantly to the development of Athens in the 5th century BC, when the Athenians learned to prospect, treat, and refine the ore and used the proceeds to build a massive fleet, at the instigation of Themistocles.
This provoked two Persian invasions of Greece, both of which were repelled under the leadership of the soldier-statesmen Miltiades and Themistocles see Persian Wars.
In the Athenians, led by Miltiadesprevented the first invasion of the Persians, guided by king Darius Iat the Battle of Marathon. In the Persians returned under a new ruler, Xerxes I.
The Hellenic League led by the Spartan King Leonidas led 7, men to hold the narrow passageway of Thermopylae against the ,—, army of Xerxes, during which time Leonidas and other Spartan elites were killed.
Simultaneously the Athenians led an indecisive naval battle off Artemisium. However, this delaying action was not enough to discourage the Persian advance which soon marched through Boeotiasetting up Thebes as their base of operations, and entered southern Greece.
This forced the Athenians to evacuate Athens, which was taken by the Persians, and seek the protection of their fleet. Subsequently, the Athenians and their allies, led by Themistoclesdefeated the Persian navy at sea in the Battle of Salamis.
Xerxes had built himself a throne on the coast in order to see the Greeks defeated.Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century BC in the Greek city-state (known as a polis) of Athens, comprising the city of Athens and the surrounding territory of Attica, and is often described as the first known democracy in the world.
Other Greek cities set up democracies, most following the Athenian model, but none are as well. Rise of City-States: Athens and Sparta The Acropolis played an integral role in Athenian life. This hilltop not only housed the famous Parthenon, but it also included temples, theaters, and other public buildings that enhanced Athenian culture.
The Rise of the Athenian State.
How the state developed, how the organs of the gentile constitution were partly transformed in this development, partly pushed aside by the introduction of new organs, and at last superseded entirely by real state authorities, while the true “people in .
Aug 23, · Watch video · (Ostracism, in which a citizen could be expelled from the Athenian city-state for 10 years, was among the powers of the ekklesia.) The group made decisions by . Use questions in this quiz to prep for your Unit Lesson quiz on Greece The Rise of the City-State-Athens/5.
Rise of City-States: Athens and Sparta The Acropolis played an integral role in Athenian life. This hilltop not only housed the famous Parthenon, but it also included temples, theaters, and other public buildings that enhanced Athenian culture.